In the case of a diamond, color actually refers to the lack of color. White diamonds are graded on a scale that begins with D, indicating a pure Icy Winter White, and then progresses down the alphabet with each letter designating a more tinted white. Icy Winter Whites range from D to J color and look stunning set in platinum or white gold while Warmer Summer Whites begin in the K range and are best suited for rich yellow gold.
Because diamonds are pure carbon and have been created by nature through millions of years of intense heat and pressure, imperfections or inclusions are often formed in the process. A diamond’s clarity can range from Flawless to Included. Although naturally Flawless diamonds are very rare and highly treasured, inclusions are Mother Nature’s finger prints. Inclusions may appear as tiny crystals, clouds or feathers barely visible to the naked eye or may require a jeweler’s loupe to be seen. The position of the inclusion can affect the value of the diamond. The chart below illustrates, at 10 times magnification, the various clarity grades available.
The Carat Weight of a diamond is not a measurement of size; it is a measurement of weight. A diamond’s weight is expressed in carats and points. A carat equals 100 points, 50 points measure a 1/2 carat, 25 points is 1/4 carat, etc. Because larger diamonds are rare, they generally have a greater price per carat.
All diamond certifications are provided by GIA, EGL or AGS. Please note that, dependent on the size of the center diamond, not all jewelry pieces will come with diamond certificates.